Friday, September 23, 2011

Hawaii Volcano - Lava Up-Date - September 23, 2011

Hawaii Pu'u O'o Volcano - Lava Up-date

30 minutes from Hale Moana Bed & Breakfast: 

September 22 update - A fissure breakout that started yesterday morning continued this morning. As of yesterday's overflight at about 3 pm, the flow had advanced as a channelized ʻaʻa flow about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) from Puʻu ʻŌʻō to the southeast within the Kahauale`a Natural Area Reserve. At about 4 am this morning, a second flow branch started to the west of the first. If the flows continue to advance, they will likely continue southeast, along the western edge of the Episode 58 (TEB) lava flow, toward Royal Gardens. In addition, a small pad of lava was actively refilling the bottom of the drained eastern lava lake and small seeps were barely active at the west edge of Puʻu ʻŌʻō Crater.

For more details, click on the link to the US Geological Service.

Wednesday, September 21, 2011

Hawaii Pu'u O'o Volcano - New Lava Flow - September 21, 2011

Hawaii Pu'u O'o Volcano - New Lava Flow

30 minutes from Hale Moana Bed & Breakfast: 

A new lava flow is advancing down the east slope of Pu'u O'o crater and may pose a threat to the Royal Gardens subdivision if it continues, the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory said.

Lava began overflowing the west rim of Pu'u O'o crater early Tuesday feeding a new lava flow moving downslope on the crater's west side.

Two lava lakes are active in Pu'u O'o, one on the west and the other on the east side of the crater.

Activity on Tuesday was on the west side of the crater from about 2 a.m. Tuesday until 2:25 a.m. today when lava broke through the east rim.

The new fissure fed a lava flow that advanced rapidly downslope to the east.

If the flow continues to advance, it will likely head southeast toward Royal Gardens and could reach the what's left of the subdivision in the next few days, scientists said.

Royal Gardens has been overrun by lava several times and has no paved road access. A handful of people still live there, although much of the area is abandoned.

Lava flowed over the crater rim last week, but the flows stopped over the weekend.

The Pu'u O'o crater floor collapsed in early August dropping the floor level by about 245 feet. Lava broke out from the west side of the crater and advanced for several days before stopping. Lava reappeared in the crater on Aug. 21 and formed two new lava lakes that have been filling the crater ever since.

Lava also drained from Pu'u O'o on March 5 during the Kamoamoa fissure eruption.

Kilauea volcano has been erupting since January 3, 1983.

(Source: Staradvertiser, Wednesday, September 21, 2011)

Friday, September 16, 2011

Hawaii Big Island - First Snow

Believe it or not - Hawaii Island on top of Mauna Kea had its first snow this year. While it was snowing only 90 minutes away, it was absolutely gorgeous down here at Hale Moana Bed & Breakfast, close to Pahoa, Hilo and along the whole East side of the Big Island. Guests, who came over the Saddle Road while it was snowing further up the hill, said, that it was rainy and foggy on the road.

It's a world of contrasts here in Paradise!

Monday, September 12, 2011

Hawaii Mauna Kea Visitor Center - September Event

Stay at  Hale Moana Bed & Breakfast and visit the:

Onizuka Center for International Astronomy
Mauna Kea Visitor’s Information Station
Phone: (808) 961-2180 Fax: (808) 969-4892
Malalo o Ka Po Lani
Hawaiian Culture Night on Maunakea
 The Mauna Kea Visitor Information Station’s free monthly program, “Malalo o ka Po Lani,” will be held on Saturday, September 17th, 2011 at the Onizuka Center for International Astronomy Visitor Information Station’s presentation room, beginning at 6:00pm. The presentation will take place for approximately one hour, with our stargazing program following shortly thereafter.
--> Join special guest, farmer and artist Eric Chang, and hosts Leilehua Yuen and Manu Josiah, in “Ahupua`a,” as we explore how the traditional land-management system of Hawai`i sustained the human population while preserving natural resources. After a brief overview of the ancient traditions of the ahupua`a, Eric will speak on how he, as a farmer, continues the traditions in modern times, and how he integrates stewardship of the land with his artistry.  
Come up for Culture Night on Maunakea for an evening of Hawaiian music, chants, stories, and science. Then, join the star party at the Onizuka Center lanai for some of the best star gazing in the world!
Each month, a different Cultural Practitioner shares perspectives on an aspect of Hawaiian culture, history, and or arts relating to the natural history of Maunakea. The “Malalo o ka Po Lani” cultural program is held on the third Saturday of every month in the Ellison Onizuka Center for International Astronomy Visitor Information Station’s presentation room at the 9,300 ft eleveation on Mauna Kea.  For more information on programs at the Mauna Kea Visitor Information Station please visit our web site: or call us at (808) 961-2180.  Aloha.
--> -->

Saturday, September 10, 2011

Hawaii Big Island - Annual Bamboo Festival

Annual Bamboo Festival - September 11, 2011 @ 11a.m.

30 minutes from Hale Moana Bed & Breakfast:  

The Hawaii Chapter of the American Bamboo Society will hold its 12th annual Bamboo Festival from 8 a.m. to 3 p.m. Sept. 11 at the Papaikou Hongwanji. The Hongwanji is located makai off Hwy 19 between Mile Marker 7 & 8 North of Hilo. The event is open to anyone interested in bamboo.

Bamboo experts, growers, artists and specialty chefs will be on hand to assist participants learn more about bamboo. Of course, rare bamboos will be on sale along with bamboo products.

Guest speakers include Danny Li speaking on construction with Guadua and Hirose bamboos. Paul Booth will discuss propagation. Josiah Hunt of Hawaii Biochar will discuss the value of bamboo charcoal. Richard Vonwellsheim will speak on bamboo curing. For more information, call Donna Manion at 315-9870 or Joy Brennan at 982-4666.

Global warming continues to be in the news with ice caps in the Arctic and Antarctic melting. Increased carbon dioxide is one issue, but the other side of the coin is decreased oxygen. Extreme droughts, floods and temperatures further exacerbate this global crisis. Severe drought and fires in the western United States and floods in the east are examples of what is happening worldwide.

What can we as individuals and communities do about it?

Some folks are reversing the trend by planting vegetation in deforested areas. Reforestation on the windward side of the Big Island is one example. This includes the reforestation that occurs even in our urban and suburban gardens. Organizations including the Outdoor Circles, garden clubs, commercial landscape and forestry associations as well as societies like the Bamboo Society are all doing their part to make a positive difference.

Besides joining the Bamboo Society, the festival offers an opportunity to get the scoop on this ancient crop of Asia.

Now, let's look at some of the outstanding bamboos that are being considered for multiple uses in Hawaii's sustainable agriculture picture.

There are more than 1,200 species of bamboo found from sea level to 10,000 feet in elevation. Most come from Asia, but some outstanding species come from Africa and the Americas. One of the best for construction is the South American genus of Guadua. Culms used in Colombian houses more than 100 years old have stood up better than many hardwoods. Some clumping types from the Himalayas are cold hardy and are grown as far north as British Columbia. There are many hardy running types that are used for erosion control in steep road cuts like the Hamakua to Hilo highway.

The genus Dendrocalamus contains some of the biggest bamboos of all. Some grow to 120 feet in height with a culm diameter up to 12 inches. Growth has been recorded at more than 3 feet in one day with the majority of height reached in three months. These are the favorite bamboos in Southeast Asia for construction, crafts and edible shoots.

My favorite is Dendrocalamus brandisii, which is native to Burma. It can reach a height of over 100 feet and culm diameter of 8 inches. The leaves are about a foot in length and are similar to our local yellow ginger in appearance. It is used in house construction, furniture, basketry, paper pulp and edible shoots. It will grow from sea level to at least 3,000 feet elevation.

Other favorites include Dendrocalamus membranaceus, which reaches up to 70 feet tall with culms 4 inches in diameter. The leaves are very small and delicate, giving a fern like appearance. Dendrocalamus latiflorus from China reaches 80 feet and culms 8 inches in diameter. Both are used in construction, crafts and for edible shoots. They do well from sea level to at least 3,000 feet where they are being tested at Kona Cloud Forest Sanctuary in Kaloko Mauka. Another large bamboo that is beautiful and edible is Nastus elatus from New Guinea. The plant may reach 50 feet or more and has the look of a weeping willow.

Of course, big isn't the only thing bamboos do. The smallest ones are less than 6 inches tall, and there are many delicate species of moderate growth that are ideal for the small garden. These include Mexican weeping bamboo, Siamese bamboo, Bambusa nutans from the Himalayas, Bambusa textilis and the many forms of Bambusa multiplex. The latter species contains many beautiful cultivars like Alphonse Karr, Fernleaf, Chinese Goddess, Silver Stripe and Willowy.

This information is supplied by the University of Hawaii College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources.

(Article was published in the West Hawaii Today, September 3, 2011)